D1.2 Analytical Paper on Labour Market Needs in BY Regions

To analyse the labour market needs in BY regions MaCICT team have developed a
Questionnaire for representatives of the labor market. Associated partners (EPAM Systems
International, Cisco Systems) and 21 companies of Belarusian IT-industry took part in the
online survey. Most of respondents (71.4%) are engaged in such type of activity as IT
outsourcing, Software Development, Training and Certification.

Survey questions were aimed to identify the 10 most important soft skills and hard skills of
graduates, which are in demand for the labor activity, to assess graduates’ skills (full
possession of skill, lack of skill), to identify the strengths and weaknesses of graduates, to
estimate the staffing situation and positions in demand in IT-companies.
The survey allowed us to see which competencies the employers pay more attention to and
how employers assess the level of proficiency in these particular competencies. In many
cases, a significant gap was noted. For example, 100% of employers consider professional
competence "ability to develop software architecture" to be most important, but grade our
students on this competence at 3 points (on a five-point scale). Gained information will be
applied for design new and modernization of existing courses. In addition, when developing
new courses, it is necessary to consider the fact that respondents rated as low the following
competencies of graduates: knowledge of a foreign language, ability to anticipate new
problems, ability to inspire others, ability to negotiate. 76% respondents mentioned an
insufficient practical skill of graduates.
For 57.1% of respondents it is difficult to find suitable specialists in the following areas: Data
Science, Machine Learning, Python developer, System Architect, Cloud Services
Administrator, Project Manager, Full-Stack developer, DevOps, UX/UI designer.
The results of the survey clearly show an insufficient practical skill of graduates, usage of
outdated teaching programs, needs to conduct internships at leading IT companies not only
for students, but for teachers as well; needs to involve external experts in the evaluation of
training courses and educational programs in terms of the requirements of the IT sector and
the labor market.